OMB Circular A-110: Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and Agreements
OMB Circular A-110 is a document that outlines the Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and Agreements with Institutions of Higher Education, Hospitals, and Other Non-Profit Organizations. This circular was issued by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to promote administrative efficiency and consistency in the management of grants and agreements.
The main purpose of OMB Circular A-110 is to establish uniform administrative requirements for all Federal grants and agreements awarded to non-Federal entities. These requirements cover a wide range of topics, including financial management, property management, audit requirements, procurement standards, and cost principles.
One of the key requirements established by OMB Circular A-110 is the need for a sound financial management system. This system must be able to accurately identify and account for all costs associated with the grant or agreement, as well as track the use of grant funds. In addition to financial management systems, OMB Circular A-110 also requires that non-Federal entities have appropriate property management and inventory controls in place to ensure that all property and equipment purchased with grant funds are properly used and accounted for.
Another important requirement established by OMB Circular A-110 is the need for adequate audit requirements. Non-Federal entities receiving grants or agreements of $750,000 or more must have an independent audit performed in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. This audit must be submitted to the Federal awarding agency and OMB within nine months of the end of the recipient`s fiscal year.
OMB Circular A-110 also establishes procurement standards that non-Federal entities must follow when purchasing goods and services with grant funds. These standards require that the procurement process be conducted in a manner that ensures free and open competition, and that all procurement transactions be properly documented and supported.
Finally, OMB Circular A-110 establishes cost principles that govern the types of costs that are allowable under Federal grants and agreements. These cost principles dictate that all costs be reasonable, necessary, and allocable to the grant or agreement.
In conclusion, OMB Circular A-110 is an important document for non-Federal entities receiving Federal grants and agreements. It establishes uniform administrative requirements that promote administrative efficiency and consistency in the management of grants and agreements. Non-Federal entities must ensure that they have appropriate systems in place to comply with these requirements, including sound financial management systems, property management and inventory controls, audit requirements, procurement standards, and cost principles.